What Vaccinations to Give to a Pet and When

A Bombay kitten's vaccination regimen is sometimes confusing. Let's get to the bottom of it.

So, a-priori, vaccinations need to be done. Usually the breeder gives the kitten all the necessary vaccinations before moving and puts the vaccination data on the veterinary passport (We told about it in the article "How to recognize a good breeder"). A sticker from the vaccine bottle (on which the batch number and expiration date of the vaccine are written) is placed on the correct page. Next to the sticker, two boxes are filled with two dates: the first is the date the vaccine was given, and the second is the expiration date. This information is signed and stamped by the veterinarian. Information about vaccines in some countries may be entered in the database of chipped animals. It is recommended to vaccinate your pet again in the last month of the vaccination period.

IMPORTANT!!! Do not forget that vaccination is a procedure to be performed by a veterinarian!

Opinions vary as to when the first vaccination is due. Some researchers say kittens should be vaccinated at 8 weeks of age. Others insist it's too early for a kitten who hasn't yet built up immunity and recommend vaccinating at 12-16 weeks of age. But we can infect kittens from infections brought from the street on shoes or clothes, you say. And it's fine, because kittens get antibodies with the milk of a vaccinated mother, the researchers, supporters of late vaccination, will answer you.

So, you and I open the passport, we see that the vaccination ends this month. The first thing we do is make an appointment to get vaccinated at the vet. In the meantime, let's sort out what vaccinations and how often we'll get them.

In Belarus, as in many countries of the former Soviet Union, compulsory are :

  • Vaccination against rabies, a particularly dangerous infection often fatal in humans and animals

  • vaccination against rhinotracheitis, a severe viral infection of the respiratory tract

  • against calciverosis - viral infection that in severe cases affects the nervous system of the cat, the lethality rate is 30%

  • against panleukopenia - viral disease affecting the respiratory, digestive system, heart. Panleukopenia is often accompanied by severe intoxication. Lethality up to 90%.

Except for rabies, these infections are not dangerous to humans. So vaccines come in monocomponent and complex form. Rabies vaccine, monocomponent vaccine. In Belarus and post-Soviet countries it is given for 1 year. In some epidemiologically benign countries, the rabies vaccine is valid for up to 3 years. Previously, rhinotracheitis, calciverosis and panleukopenia were vaccinated separately, but now there is a comprehensive vaccine with components from all three pathogens. It is necessary to do such a vaccine as well as rabies vaccine once a year.

IMPORTANT! In some countries the vaccination calendar may differ from the above. Ask your veterinarian!

Please note! Some countries (Israel) do not require vaccinations at the veterinary checkup, but rather a rabies virus antibody test. This test is not done in all laboratories and may take some time.

VERY IMPORTANT!!! If you have missed your vaccination schedule, you need to get it done as soon as possible.

VERY IMPORTANT!!! Remember that after each vaccination, your pet must be quarantined for 2 weeks to 1 month. Plan your trips based on this.

When to postpone vaccinations:

  • If the pet has symptoms of acute colds or is weakened (e.g., after spaying surgery)

  • If deworming has not been carried out 7-14 days before the planned vaccination

  • If the pet has been in contact with infected animals. Usually wait 1-2 weeks, which is the incubation period for many infections

Don't forget that the decision to delay vaccination is up to the veterinarian.

You may be interested in the article "What Vaccinations for Mature Cats (10 years and older)"
Pet Health: Veterinary Issues